At the same time, forests should be protected as a system. This means that monocultures are avoided and variety of trees suitable to the local environs be grown. The question today is not whether or not afforestation but how. Our very survival depends upon how successful we are in our mission. Let m think about future. In the greed for short term gains, 4et us not put our very survival at stake.
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Forestry is highly labor intensive primary activity. Unless, people are involved neck deep in interesting the afforestation drive, little progress can be made. Spread of information by mass media, through social workers, in schools and colleges, at work places, all these are required for the drive to become a movement. While most of us know the importance of forests, we take them for granted. Conservation of forests does not mean that they should not be used for economic purposes but should be used efficiently and in a way that does not endanger the ecological balance and does not destroy the home of wild animals. Presently, forests are being used for mainly two purpose fuelwood and timber both involve felling trees. This can be avoided by either developing alternative sources of energy there are many-solar, biogas etc. Alternative means for construction cpwd has banned the use of wood in houses or by growing at least one if not two tree for each tree cut. Secondly, new, better means of using forests should be evolved. Sericulture, mushroom cultivation, bee keeping, horticulture, etc. Are not only viable but also very profitable alternatives.
To make use of the waste lands, marginal lands and desert lands, energy plantations, fodder plantations etc. Under ddp, forests were sought to be promoted not only to restore fragile ecological balance but also to provide people with the means of livelihood. Similarly, dpap was launched with afforestation as its cornerstone. Despite all such efforts, we find very little tangible result. Forests are still getting cut and degraded and wildlife still being destroyed. Somehow, the awareness that forests are in danger and that we should do something about it has still not reached many. And many of us, who know the fact, do not know what to be done about.
Subsequently, to promote research in forestry and allied sciences, a forest Research Institute, and for forest management, an Indian Institute of Forest Management were opened. While Indian Forest Service was organized on an efficient basis by sir John Strachedy, a new orientation was given to it after independence. The need to involve public was felt and so social forestry scheme was launched. The purpose was to make forestry a mass movement. One tree for every child, Trees for Eco-development and numerous other schemes were launched. To provide financial support, forest development boards were set. An innovative scheme to involve industries and private parties in afforestation drive was launched under Industrial Plantation.
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The entire panchatantra revolves around forests and its inhabitants. Tulsi plant is always found and worshipped in a traditional home. Pipal tree is revered by all. Neem is valuable as an insecticide, germicide and medicine, in the times when there were no coolers or air conditioners people comforted themselves in the cool shades of mango, neem and other trees during summer heat. The survival of entire wild life depends upon the health and well being of our trees and specially our forests. Today, however, the forests are in danger. Their survival is at stake as man, in his blind pursuit of wealth and power, is bent upon destroying them.
The urgent need today reviews is to save our forests from extinction. For sustaining ecological balance, for environmental and other reasons, it is important that at least one third of our land is covered with forests. However, today we have less than 20 area under forests and much of it is degraded forest. Over felling of trees, hindering natural process of pollination and germination and diverting land for other purposes have all taken their toll on forests. So, the need of the hour is to work to save existing forests and help in bringing larger area under forests. The need to conserve forests and upgrade them was recognized decades back by the Indian government.
"Global analysis of the protection status of the world's forests". Definitions of Forest, deforestation, Afforestation, and Reforestation. Gainesville, va: Forest Information Services. Allen, cd; savage, m (2002). "Ecological restoration of southwestern ponderosapine ecosystems: A broad perspective". Ecological Applicationsinconsistent citations Ldoc "fsm 2000-National forest resourcemanagement" Check url value ( help ).
External links edit latest forest preservation techniques Retrieved from " ". Download pdf of This Page (size: 121K). Trees are mankinds lifeline. If they are destroyed, there is no way that human beings can survive. From the oxygen that we breathe in, the food that we eat, to the clothes we wear, we owe it all to the trees. Not only this, trees act as purifiers of air and receptacles of our waste products. Trees have great economic value too. We get fuel, fodder, timber, medicines and numerous other valuable products from the trees. It is, therefore, not surprising that trees were given great importance in our culture, our tradition, our mythology and legends.
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46 of the eco-regions had less than 10 forest protection. Which means that these areas are not being monitored as they should and the protection is not working. Considering forest protection within global priority areas was unsatisfactory. An example given was that the average protection.4 in biodiversity hotspots. Results have policy relevance in terms of the target of the convention on biological diversity, reconfirmed in 2008, to kites conserve in an effective manner that at least 10 of each of the worlds forest types. 5 Urban forests edit a recent discovery in Europe relating to forest protection is that urban areas have forests of their own. Many cities have tens of thousands of trees which constitute forests. In addition the air in the cities is lately becoming better, providing conditions favorable for small associated species such as mosses and lichens. See also edit references edit schmitt,.; Burgess,.
There is an excellent article in National geographic October issue concerning redwood forest in California and two their effort to maintain forest and rainforest. 4 A compromise is to conduct agriculture and stock farming, or sustainable wood management. This ascribes different values to forest land and farmland, for which many areas are clear felled. 'neighborhood leakage' edit Two conflicting studies on the idea that protecting forests only relocates deforestation. This is called neighborhood leakage. According to the paradox of forest protection protected areas such as rural settlements near protected zones grew at twice the rate of those elsewhere. The iucn implements such protocols that protect over 670 eco-regions.
a suitable site for a standard home without clearing land, which defies the purpose of protection. Alternatives include building a treehouse or an earthhouse. This is being done currently by indigenous people in south America to protect large reservoirs. In former times, north American Native americans used to live in tipies or mandan earthhouses, which also require less land. An undertaking to develop modern treehouses is being taken by a company from Germany called "TrueSchool treehouses". Methods of protection edit a number of less successful methods of forest protection have been tried, such as the trade in certified wood. Protecting a small section of land in a larger forest may also have limited value. For example, tropical rainforests can die if they decrease in size, since they are dependent on the moist microclimate which they create.
Pollution of soil on which forests grow. Expanding city development caused by population explosion and the resulting urban sprawl, there is considerable debate over the effectiveness of forest protection methods. Enforcement of laws regarding purchased forest land is weak or non-existent in most parts of the world. In the increasingly dangerous south America, home of major rainforests, officials of the, brazilian. National Agency for the Environment (ibama) have recently been shot during their routine duties. 1, contents, resume land purchase edit, one simple type of forest protection is the purchasing of land in order to secure it, or in order to plant trees ( afforestation ). It can also mean forest management or the designation of areas such as natural reservoirs which are intended to be left to themselves. 2, however, merely purchasing a piece of land does not prevent it from being used by others for poaching and illegal logging. On site monitoring edit, a better way to protect a forest, particularly old growth forests in remote areas, is to obtain a part of it and to live on and monitor the purchased land.
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From wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, jump to navigation, jump to search. Forest protection is the preservation or improvement task of a forest threatened or affected by natural or man made causes. This forest protection also has a legal status and rather than protection from only people damaging the forests is seen to be broader and include forest pathology too. Thus due to this the different emphases around the world paradoxically suggest different things for forest protection. In German speaking countries, forest protection would focus on the biotic and abiotic factors that are non-crime related. A protected forest is not the same as a protection forest. These terms can lead to some confusion in English, although they are clearer in other languages. As a result, reading English literature can be problematic for non-experts due to localization and conflation of meanings. The types of man induced abuse that forest protection seeks to prevent include: Aggressive or unsustainable farming and logging.