Concluding Paragraphs Restate your main point (the thesis) and remind readers of your key points. Emphasize the significance of your perspective on the topic. Bring your piece to closure. Revising(36) looking at your draft and making necessary changes in content, organization, or emphasis. Asking questions: Is there enough detail? Is it organized well? Is there a good variety of sentence length?
M: guiding readers and Writers (Grades 3-6
Begin with an attention getter or grabber to get the readers attention. Then pay provide a sentence or two giving a general description of peer the topic. Then provide the thesis which highlights the main point (s) of your essay. The Introduction Opening Paragraphs of an Essay (p.30) Opening paragraphs announce the topic and he writers approach to that topic. Common strategies: Interesting anecdote Thought-provoking question Background information Common view the writer and readers share forecast the rest of the essay the thesis the thesis announces the main point, major claim, or controlling idea in an essay. It prepares readers for what they will be reading. Example: Why would anyone enter politics? Politicians, after all, have to give up their privacy and devote their entire lives toward service. Politicians, once elected, are obliged to consider the moral and social standards of those who elected them, and their behavior must reflect those standards. In fact, there are three important rules of behavior to observe if one wishes to succeed in politics.
The accident was horrific. The instructor had no idea what she was doing. The dog behaved badly and was in need of training. The economy is crippling the average family. Homework: review the topic you previously brainstormed: There are several challenges students face when they enter their first year of college. Compose three separate paragraphs based on the topic above. Make sure you are detailed and focus on one main point per paragraph. Grabber or attention getter *General description of topic *Thesis (what specifically is your essay mainly about? Most introductions follow a basic format.
Process Analysis: How does it work? Parts of an Essay (p. 28) All essays—no matter how long or how short—must always have a beginning (introduction a middle (the body and an end (the conclusion). See graphic organizer on board* Paragraphing An effective paragraph focuses one central idea and maintains unity. The general idea -topic sentence-must then be supported with specific details (facts, evidence, reasons, examples) One of the most enjoyable restaurants to take that special someone out to dinner. Give detail to your supporting sentences—never be vague! The food was delicious.
Activity Cluster some ideas (at least six) that focus around the following topic: There are several challenges students face when they enter their first year of college. Once you have some ideas the next step is to use the technique of questioning—What type of essay will you be writing? A useful way to generate information is to ask questions about your topic, audience, purpose who? Essay patterns (page 25) Narration: How did it happen? Description: How does it look, sound, feel? Illustration: What are the reasons? Analysis: What are its parts? Classification:Into what groups can it be sorted? Differences cause-Effect: Why did it happen?
Tulsa world editorial: The 2018 Legislature was good, but
What is your Purpose? To inform (most common) to persuade (to encourage action) to express yourself (creative writing fiction/diaries) to entertain, who is your Audience? It is important that you take into consideration who it is you want to reach. Words carry the message (and can be misunderstood) so assess your audience before writing! Rhetorical Situation: Page 15, cooley. Think Critically, make sure you organize and essay refine your ideas before submission.
Effective writers rarely submit their first drafts. Good writing requires time, revision, and reflection. Getting Started( Page 19 before you start writing, it helps to organize your thoughts. Two common methods: Brainstorming: focusing intently on a subject and listing every idea and detail that comes to mind. Organizing Thoughts (Page 20). Clustering: Free word association emphasizing the relations between ideas by using nonlinear drawing/connections.
Chapter 1—good Writers Are good readers PowerPoint Presentation. Download Presentation, chapter 1—good Writers Are good readers 1 / 123, chapter 1—good Writers Are good readers. Writing and reading are active and they must be analyzed and interpreted. Good readers often preview the text, ask questions, and make personal connections. 2-The Writing Process Page 12, cooley. Copyright Complaint Adult Content Flag as Inappropriate.
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described. Download Presentation, an Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation. Download Policy: Content on the website is provided to you as is for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. Presentation Transcript, chapter 1—good Writers Are good readers. Good readers often preview the text, ask questions, and make personal connections,. 2-The Writing ProcessPage 12, cooley. Writing is a recursive process; that is, it involves repetition. Plan, draft, revise, edit, good writers rarely turn in their first draft!
Sandwalk: good Science Writers: Stephen jay gould
Before television and movies, before even books and the printing press, there were poems and stories recited around the hearth. These poems and stories still give letter us life. Nobody but a reader ever became a writer. richard Peck, hT: Sally Clarkson for the video link. If this topic interests you, you might want to check out Andrew Pudewas article, the Arts of Language, on the Institute for Excellence in Writing website, which spells out more fully how listening and speaking are the foundation for reading and writing. there is also a corresponding audio download here.). Download, skip this Video, loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds.
Once the patterns are in, they will naturally start to come out in the students speaking and writing. This cycle of listening and imitating is how we first learned to speak our native language, and it is how we learn to write with an elegant voice. Narration—telling back orally what weve heard—can also help quite a bit with observation, comprehension, and memory. Likewise, orally discussing books and passages may be the most important and effective way to develop comprehension and thinking skills, two very important aspects of high-level writing. A healthy diet of books includes a breadth of classic literature from different genres and time periods, with large helpings of poetry, the king James Bible, and great speeches. King James Bible —regardless of ones religious persuasion or opinions regarding legit biblical translations—is also classic literature and is foundational to our English language and cultural heritage. Memorization and recitation of beloved poems and prose passages cements the verbal patterns even more firmly while providing the scholar with a long-lasting source of joy. Poetry—and poetic prose—is, after all, a sensual thing meant to be heard and enjoyed for the way it sounds, the way the words feel in the mouth, as well as for the images the words evoke in the mind.
educators, and researchers alike: reading (and being read to) is the number one indicator of a successful future writer. As a writing teacher, i often suggest reading books—paper back, hard back, digital books, audio books—and not just silently by oneself. Family read-alouds are enjoyable and valuable in so many ways. Folks often get more from a book when hearing it aloud, and no one is ever too old to enjoy hearing a good tale. Another reason read-alouds and audio books are such a great idea is related to the fact that language is primarily spoken and heard and only secondarily written down. When we write, we are writing what sounds good in our head. If students will listen to great poetry, stories, speeches, and essays frequently and repeatedly (for example, why not listen while doing chores, exercising, riding in the car, resting in bed, etc? they will start to lock the sentence structures and rhythms in their memory. When it comes to literature, repeat listening is great.
With our readers and locals across the world contributing, suddenly we dramatically broadened and improved our coverage. In the years that followed, as the online travel community blossomed, we directed our readers to local blogs around the world, connecting them to in-the-know residents whose fingers were more on the pulse than any of all the traditional guides to a city. We also invited these bloggers to comprise the bulk of our city guide coverage an interactive online series that has covered 13 cities to date and to contribute to our growing guardian Travel Network. In 2009, when Twitter first burst on to the social network scene, writer Benji lanyado put his travels entirely in the hands of live tips from the Twittersphere, visiting Paris and following hundreds of tips from locals and enthusiasts, in real time. So began the first of 17 hugely successful live twitter trips covering the uk and Europe, directing Benji to secret music performances in Cologne, forgotten communist cities on the outskirts on Krakow, via backstreet pubs in Nottingham. And what's the benefit of all this? Well, in my opinion, it makes the guardian's travel coverage a lot more inclusive, better informed, up to speed with changes, and considerably more authoritative. Finding travel stories used to be about one man in an office making all the calls. Now we've got locals and readers chipping in, it's a much broader experience.
An Unofficial guide to goodreads for readers and Writers
In 2005 I was working on a redesign of the travel section to go into the first edition of the guardian's Berliner newspaper format. We wanted to make our coverage more inclusive, more fun, and more relevant to our readers' lifestyles and interests. Instead of high-end safaris in Africa and sailing jaunts to the caribbean, we would be recommending hidden restaurants filsafat where the locals eat, music festivals across Europe, and budget accommodation from 5-a-night hostels to family-friendly campsites. After I finished presenting my ideas to editor-in-chief Alan Rusbridger, he asked me what I thought about getting our readers to write the guardian's travel content, citing wikipedia's user-generated example. Seven years on, the idea of readers contributing comments, ideas, tips and stories doesn't seem quite so radical but it has become one of the central strands in our travel coverage. Our collection of reader contributions has grown to well over 30,000 tips. These include 4,200 hotels and just shy of 2,500 restaurant tips across the world from hotdog stands in New York to high-end cuisine in tokyo. Before the addition of reader contributions, travel assignments tended to involve sending a journalist to a city to review a handful of hotels, or hoping one of our journalists was based in that city and could file a story.